In all the lands they conquered, the Romans
built towns that they could feel at home in, Each town was built to a plan.
The romans liked everything to be organised and orderly. The streets were
laid out in a criss cross pattern. Usually they would have two main streets
that divide the town. Smaller streets led off these at right angles.
Every Roman town contained the buildings
that are in this map.
A Roman town in Greece would look
the same as one in Britain.
Click on a number
from the list below to find out more about that part of town.
The forum was like
a town square important government buildings like law courts and offices
were built around it and market stalls were sometimes set up inside it.
It was often the centre of the city where people met and did business.
The thermae or bath
houses were not only places for washing but some people went to meet friends
and spend spare time. Large bath houses had restaurants games rooms snack
bars and even libraries. Baths could be very hot where people sat round
as in a sauna or very cold. Men and women either had separate bath houses
or used the same one at different times.
The amphitheatre was
where shows were put on some of these seem cruel to us today. People
could watch wild animals fighting each other or attacking
people. There were also gladiator fights where
two men would fight each other until one of them was dead.
The basilica was in
the centre of the town and was like a town hall. Important government buildings
like law courts and offices were built inside it.
A place to
The temple was where
the romans went to worship their gods the romans believed in many different
gods. When they took over a new land they often took over the gods worshipped
there as well. Some emperors were worshipped as gods after they died later
christianity spread through the roman empire and became the official religion
in AD 312.
7. Town House
Rich people lived
in houses but poor people lived in blocks of flats
sometimes three or four storeys high.
8. North Gate
Many towns had walls
around them with gates to let people and animals in just like today there
were often traffic jams some places tried avoid this by only allowing carts
into the town at night.
People could not be buried inside the
town walls tombs were often seen along the roads leading into a town the
tombstones described who was buried there just as they do today.
The romans were very good engineers their
towns had sewers and piped water supplies. Sometimes water had to be brought
from far away an aqueduct was a kind of bridge that carried water across
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